Facial nerve disorders can cause weakness on one or both sides of your face. You might lose your facial expressions, and find it difficult to eat, drink and speak clearly. It can also become difficult to close your eye and blink, which can lead to damage to your cornea. It's also known as idiopathic unilateral facial paralysis. We usually treat Bell's palsy with a course of steroids and advice on looking after your eyes, oral hygiene and facial rehabilitation.
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Types of facial nerve disorder
Facial nerve 7th cranial nerve palsy is often idiopathic formerly called Bell palsy. Idiopathic facial nerve palsy is sudden, unilateral peripheral facial nerve palsy. Symptoms of facial nerve palsy are hemifacial paresis of the upper and lower face. Tests eg, chest x-ray, serum angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] level, tests for Lyme disease, serum glucose are done to diagnose treatable causes. Treatment may include lubrication of the eye, intermittent use of an eye patch, and, for idiopathic facial nerve palsy, corticosteroids.
Request an Appointment. Refer a Patient. University of Utah Health's Facial Nerve Center is a multidisciplinary center that offers a full range of treatments for patients with facial nerve disorders. This includes treatment of facial paralysis, facial synkinesis abnormal facial movement after paralysis , trauma, and tumors. Our team includes experts in facial plastic surgery, neurotology, otolaryngology head and neck surgery , oncology, ophthalmology and oculoplastic surgery, facial nerve rehabilitation, neurology, and audiology.
Face injuries and disorders can cause pain and affect how you look. In severe cases, they can affect sight, speech, breathing and your ability to swallow. Fractures broken bones , especially in the bones of your nose, cheekbone and jaw , are common facial injuries.