Rectal prolapse is when part of the rectum protrudes from the anus. The rectum is the last part of the large intestine and is where feces is stored before being passed. Prolapse occurs when the rectum becomes unattached inside the body and comes out through the anus, effectively turning itself inside out. Rectal prolapse is a relatively rare condition, with the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons estimating that it affects less than 3 in every , people. There is a range of risk factors and causes associated with rectal prolapse, although doctors do not fully understand why some people get it.
Rectal prolapse occurs when the rectum the last section of the large intestine falls from its normal position within the pelvic area and sticks out through the anus. The word "prolapse" means a falling down or slipping of a body part from its usual position. Rectal prolapse is common in older adults who have a long-term history of constipation or a weakness in the pelvic floor muscles. It is more common in women than in men, and even more common in women over the age of 50 postmenopausal women , but occurs in younger people too. Rectal prolapse can also occur in infants — which could be a sign of cystic fibrosis — and in older children.
Rectal prolapse is when the rectal walls have prolapsed to a degree where they protrude out the anus and are visible outside the body. Rectal prolapse may occur without any symptoms, but depending upon the nature of the prolapse there may be mucous discharge mucus coming from the anus , rectal bleeding , degrees of fecal incontinence and obstructed defecation symptoms. Rectal prolapse is generally more common in elderly women, although it may occur at any age and in either sex.